Exchange traded investment fund

Definition of exchange-traded investment fund

An exchange traded fund is a type of investment fund that can be traded on an exchange. It pools money from investors and invests in stocks, bonds, commodities or other securities to generate income or capital gains.

What advantages does an ETF offer?

It allows investors to diversify their portfolios while reducing risk. Managed professionally by experienced financial advisors and do not require the same level of commitment as buying and selling individual stocks or mutual funds. They are usually cheaper than other types of investment as their costs are generally lower and they offer a range of benefits that make them attractive to investors. ETFs provide diversification, low costs, tax efficiency, liquidity and transparency.

They also provide an easy way to invest in different asset classes such as stocks, bonds, commodities and currencies. In addition, ETFs can be used for exposure to different sectors and countries, which may be difficult to achieve with individual stocks or in a portfolio with mutual funds. 

Who is ETF suitable for?

ETFs are ideal for those looking for a cheap way to invest in the market with minimal risk. They are also an excellent option for those who want to diversify their portfolio without buying several different stocks or mutual funds. ETFs can be used by beginners and experienced investors alike, as they offer an easy way to gain exposure to different markets and investments with minimal effort.

In conclusion, ETFs are an attractive investment option to diversify portfolios and minimize risk. ETFs offer an inexpensive way to gain exposure to different sectors and countries, which can be difficult to achieve with individual stocks or in a mutual fund portfolio. While there are risks associated with any investment, the benefits of ETFs make them a favorite for many investors.

How do ETFs work?

ETFs, or “exchange-traded funds”, are financial products that are traded on exchanges and usually track a specific index. Unlike other investments where you may only own one stock, buying an ETF  allows you to own a bundle of assets. This reduces risk while providing growth potential.


ETFs (exchange traded funds) are traded like common stocks on stock exchanges.


ETFs, like stocks, are bought and sold daily and undergo price changes throughout the day.


An ETF is like a mutual fund in that it collects stocks or bonds. However, ETFs can contain tens, hundreds or even thousands of individual securities.

What types of ETFs exist?

As ETFs continue to grow in popularity, new types are emerging daily. To choose the best ETF, it’s important to understand what they offer and how one differs from the other.

ETFs that track specific indexes, such as the S&P 500 or NASDAQ, are known as index ETFs.

Fixed income ETFs are designed to provide exposure to almost any type of bond currently in existence; U.S. Treasury, corporate, municipal, overseas, high yield and  other securities

Sector and industry ETFs are designed to provide exposure to a specific industry, such as high-tech, oil and pharmaceuticals. 

ETFs that track the price of commodities such as corn, oil or gold are known as commodity ETFs.

ETFs with a focus on market capitalization or investment styles, such as large-cap value or small-cap growth, are called style ETFs.

ETFs that track foreign markets, such as the Nikkei index in Japan or the Hang Seng index in Hong Kong, are called foreign market ETFs.

Inverse ETFs – designed to profit from a decline in the underlying market or index.

Leveraged ETFs designed to use leverage to enhance returns.

Unlike most ETFs that track an index, actively managed ETFs aim to outperform that index.

ETN (Exchange Traded Note): Essentially, debt securities backed by the creditworthiness of the issuing bank are designed to provide access to illiquid markets. They also have the advantage of producing almost no short-term capital gains. 

Alternative investment ETFs are creative products that give investors access to specific investment strategies such as covered call writing*, currency carry or permission to trade during market volatility.

 * The term “covered call” means that the seller offers the buyer shares at a given value for a given time, provided that the seller retains ownership.

The following words from the dictionary

Always available

Call us: 0700 700 79

We are at your disposal every weekday from
to 17:00 at Sofia, ul.
08:30 to 17:00 at.
08:30 to 18:00 at. 1 A.
09:00 to 18:00 at. 9 Bulgaria